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Director: KAWAI, Shuichi, D. Agr.
Vice-Director: TSUDA, Toshitaka, D.
Vice-Director: IMAMURA, Yuji, D. Agr.
Fax. +81-774-38-3600 or +81-774-31-8463
The Research Institute for Sustainable
Humanosphere (RISH) was established at
The objective of the RISH is to promote academic activities and education in the field of a new humanospheric science through domestic and international collaborative research programs and thereby contribute to both academic and public societies. Humanospheric science is defined as an interdisciplinary science to conduct research concerning a humanosphere, which is composed of four vertical regions of planet Earth for human activities. These vertically connected regions are (1) ground human-habitat, (2) forest (arbor-sphere), (3) atmosphere and (4) space. It aims at providing academic and technological solutions to critical issues threatening the viability of Homo sapiens and human civilization such as energy, population, global warming, and resource shortage problems. We will not only deepen scientific research on these four vertical regions separately but also pursue research on interactions between the four regions. In these studies, we will always give thought to human welfare and therefore will not only provide academic knowledge and intellectual information to understand our humanosphere, but also develop new technologies as a possible remedy for the critical issues that human beings will be facing throughout this century.
The RISH was established as an inter-university cooperative research institute, whose activities include international collaborative research programs as well, and it consists of the following three research cores: the Core Research Divisions, which focus on fundamental research on the humanosphere, the Department of Collaborative Research Programs, which promotes domestic and international collaborative research, and the Center for Exploratory Research on the Humanosphere, which explores creative and innovative fields of research by amalgamating different research disciplines and expertise. By integrating the individual research results obtained in all the Core Research Divisions, we pursue our four missions to solve present and future problems concerning the humanosphere: (1) Assessment and Remediation for Humanosphere, (2) Science and Technology towards Solar Energy Society through Bio-mass and Solar Power Satellite Research, (3) Space Environment and its Utilization and (4) Development of Technology and Materials for Cyclical Utilization of Bio-based Resources.
The RISH will contribute to higher education by joining the graduate schools of engineering, agriculture, informatics, and science as cooperative members. Thereby we foster research with broader views and experiences, which we believe the world and domestic societies will need during this century.
The executive board of the RISH consists
of the director, the professors of the RISH, and some other professors of
RESEARCH DIVISIONS IN CORE RESEARCH
Currently, the RISH has three Research Divisions in the Core Research Section: Division of Diagnostics and Control of Humanosphere, Division of Strategic Research of Humanosphere, and Division of Creative Research and Development of Humanosphere. The RISH has four visiting professor positions for three international scientists and for one domestic scientist. In addition, the RISH has COE positions to invite both senior and junior scholars from overseas. The academic staff members of the RISH are in charge of the education of the graduate students of the Graduate Schools of Engineering, Agriculture, Informatics, and Science. Students enrolled in the graduate schools may work toward degrees at the RISH.
This division consists of seven research sections: The laboratory of Biomass Morphogenesis and Information, Laboratory of Biomass Conversion, Laboratory of Metabolic Science of Forest Plants and Microorganisms, Laboratory of Plant Gene Expression, Laboratory of Atmospheric Sensing and Diagnosis, Laboratory of Atmospheric Environmental Information Analysis, and Laboratory of Radar Atmospheric Science. The division pursues research on the analytical and mechanistic interpretations of and control of a wide variety of phenomena occurring in our humanosphere through the elucidation and integral understanding of the mechanisms of wood formation as well as measurement and diagnostic analysis of the atmospheric environment with the aid of radio science and technology.
Junji, D. Agr. (
1. Hierarchical structure and function of cell wall, 2. Biogenesis and biodegradation of structural polysaccharide, 3. Xylarium database and wood anatomy,
IMAI, Tomoya, D. Agr. (Kyoto Univ.),
1. Mechanisms of cellulose biosynthesis, 2. Electron microscopy for transmembrane proteins, 3. Xylarium database and wood anatomy
BABA, Kei'ichi, D. Agr. (
1. Molecular mechanisms for attitude control against gravity in woody plants, 2. Wood formation and xylem differentiation, 3. Xylarium database and wood anatomy,
Kvien I, Sugiyama J, Votrubec M, Oksman K, Characterization of starch based nanocomposites, J Mater Sci, 42, 8163-8171, (2007)
Sugiyama Junji and Sato Nori A spectroscopic assessment of cellulose and the
molecular mechanisms of cellulose biosynthesis in the ascidian Ciona intensitinalis Marine Genomics 1,
Horikawa Y, Sugiyama J, Accessibility and size of Valonia cellulose microfibril studied by combined deuteration/rehydrogenation and FTIR technique, Cellulose, 15, 419-424, (2008)
The biological mechanisms of how nature constructs and/or controls the structural complexity of woody biomass are investigated. Fundamental theories of such biomechanisms will be developed in order to improve biomaterial utilization and environmental assessment and remediation systems.
WATANABE, Takashi, D.
1. Analysis of molecular systems for the control of extracellular free radical reactions by selective white rot fungi. 2. Conversion of wood biomass into fuel ethanol and other useful chemicals using biological functions of white rot fungi and radical reactions, 3. Degradation of polymers by white rot fungi and their biomimetic radical reactions,
HONDA, Yoichi, D. Agr. (Kyoto Univ.),
1. Molecular breeding of bio-catalysts for biomass conversion, 2. Application of the recombinant gene expression systems in mushrooms, 3. Molecular biological analysis of lignin degrading enzymes,
WATANABE, Takahito, D.
1. Lipid synthesis and peroxidation by selective lignin-degrading fungi, 2. Expression and regulation of various lignin-degradative genes, 3. Molecular breeding of basidiomycetes for the degradation of environmental pollutants,
H. Kamitsuji, T. Watanabe, Y. Honda and M. Kuwahara: Direct oxidation of polymeric substrates by multifunctional manganese peroxidase isozyme from Pleurotus ostreatus without redox mediators, Biochem. J., 386, 387-393 (2005).
T. Tsukihara, Y. Honda, R. Sakai, Takahito Watanabe, and Takashi Watanabe: Mechanism for oxidation of high-molecular-weight substrates by a fungal versatile peroxidase, MnP2. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 74, 2873-2881 (2008).
Y. Ohashi, Y. Kan, Takahito Watanabe, Y. Honda, and Takashi Watanabe: Redox silencing of the Fenton reaction system by an alkylitaconic acid, ceriporic acid B produced by a selective lignin-degrading fungus, Ceriporiopsis subvermispora. Org. Biomol. Chem., 5, 840-847 (2007).
Biological functions of lignin-degrading fungi, including control of free radical reactions by secondary metabolites and gene expression of key enzymes for lignolysis, are studied in the light of recent advances in gene technology, biochemistry and organic chemistry. Gene-engineered lignin-degrading fungi and biomimetic reactions are applied to bioremediation and conversion of wood biomass into ethanol and other useful chemicals to establish sustainable humanosphere.
UMEZAWA, Toshiaki, D. Agr. (
1. Organic chemistry and molecular biology of phenylpropanoid biosynthesis, 2. Comprehensive mechanisms for wood and heartwood formation, 3. Molecular breeding of plants which are suitable for biorefinery systems, 4. Metabolic profiling and network analysis of tree secondary metabolism,
HATTORI, Takefumi, D.
1. Carbon metabolism in ectomycorrhizal fungi and wood-rotting fungi, 2. Localization of the enzymes involved in organic acids metabolism in wood-rotting fungi and ectomycorrhizal fungi, 3. Transportation mechanisms for oxalate in wood-rotting fungi and ectomycorrhizal fungi,
S. Suzuki, M. Yamamura, T. Hattori, T. Nakatsubo and T. Umezawa: The subunit composition of hinokirsinol synthase controls geometrical selectivity in norlignan formation, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 104, 21008-21013 (2007)
T. Nakatsubo, M. Mizutani, S. Suzuki, T. Hattori and T. Umezawa: Characterization of Arabidopsis thaliana Pinoresinol Reductase, a new type of enzyme involved in lignan biosynthesis, J. Biol. Chem., 283, 15550-15557 (2008)
T. Watanabe, N. Shitan, T. Umezawa, K. Yazaki, M. Shimada and T. Hattori: Involvement of FpTRP26, a thioredoxin-related protein, in oxalic acid-resistance of the brown-rot fungus Fomitopsis palustris, FEBS Lett., 581, 1788-1792 (2007)
We are involved in analyzing metabolic functions of forest plants and microorganisms from a wide variety of aspects, including organic chemistry, biochemistry, molecular biology, and systems biology. This analysis forms the basis for conducting basic investigations contributing to the cultivation and protection of forest resources.
YAZAKI, Kazufumi, D.
Pharm. Sci. (
1. Gene expression of plant ABC proteins and their functions, 2. Regulation of plant secondary metabolism and metabolic engineering, 3. Phytoremediation by molecular breeding,
HAYASHI, Takahisa, D. Agr. (Tohoku Univ.),
1. Functional analysis of cell wall polysaccharides in plants, 2. The role of cellulase in cellulose biosynthesis, 3. Forest tree biotechnology for the enhancement of carbon sink,
KURODA, Hiroyuki, D.
1. Characterization of the specific genes and translates from woody plants, 2. Stress response of the genes involved in the secondary metabolism, 3. Assessment of the forest health by the tree genes,
Program-Specific Assistant Professor (METI)
Nobukazu, D. Agr. (
1. High production of plant valuable substances by transport engineering, 2. Modification of plant function by useful gene and the application development,
K. Sasaki, K. Mito, K. Ohara, H.Yamamoto, K. Yazaki, Cloning and characterization of naringenin 8-prenyltransferase, a flavonoid-specific prenyltransferase of Sophora flavescens. Plant Physiol., 146 (3), 1075-1084 (2008).
T. Hayashi, K. Yoshida, Y. W. Park, T. Konishi and K. Baba: Cellulose metabolism in plants, Inter. Rev. Cytol., 247, 1-34 (2005)
A. Kodan, H. Kuroda and F. Sakai: A stilbene synthase from Japanese red pine (Pinus densiflora): its implication for phytoalexin accumulation and down-regulation of flavonoid biosynthesis, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99 (5), 3335-3339 (2002)
We are studying on the characterization of useful genes isolated from plants in forest-sphere, which are involved in the biosyntheses of various metabolites and their transport. Molecular breeding using characteristic genes for metabolic and transport engineering to establish novel plants, which are advantageous for human life and environment, is also our research targets.
TSUDA, Toshitaka, D.
1. Development of observation techniques of the Earth's atmosphere, 2. Middle atmosphere dynamics, 3. Application of precise satellite positioning to monitoring the Earth's environment (GPS meteorology),
NAKAMURA, Takuji, D.
1. Radio and optical remote-sensings of Earth's atmosphere, 2. Development of radar and lidar equipment, 3. Dynamics in the middle and upper atmosphere,
Tsuda,T., M. V. Ratnam, P. T. May, M. J. Alexander, R. A. Vincent, A. MacKinnon, Characteristics of gravity waves with short vertical wavelengths observed with radiosonde and GPS occultation during DAWEX (Darwin Area Wave Experiment), J. Geophys. Res, 109, doi:10.1029/2004JD004946 (2004).
Nakamura, T., S. Morita, T. Tsuda, H. Fukunishi, and Y. Yamada, Horizontal structure of wind velocity field around the mesopause region derived from meteor radar observations, J. Atmos. solar-Terr. Phys., 64, 947-958 (2002).
Tsuda, T., M. Nishida, C. Rocken and R. H. Ware, A global morphology of gravity wave activity in the stratosphere revealed by the GPS occultation data (GPS/MET) J. Geophys. Res. Atmospheres}, 105, 7257-7273, (2000)
Observation and diagnosis of the Earth's environment with novel measurement techniques developed by applying radio, optical and acoustic waves, including radars, lidars and RASS (radio acoustic sounding system). Application of satellite radio navigation signals for monitoring temperature, humidity and ionosphere. Observations and numerical modeling of atmospheric waves, such as atmospheric gravity waves, tides and planetary waves, in the middle atmosphere.
SHIOTANI, Masato, D. Sc.
1. Analysis on the global atmospheric information observed by satellites, 2. Processes on the troposphere-stratosphere exchange, 3. Observations on the atmospheric minor constituents in the tropics,
M. Shiotani, J. C. Gille and A. E. Roche: Kelvin waves in the equatorial lower stratosphere as revealed by cryogenic limb array etalon spectrometer temperature data, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 26131- 26140 (1997)
Atmospheric conditions are monitored and diagnosed on the basis of synthetic analyses on global environmental information complementarily obtained from satellite and ground-based observations.
YAMAMOTO, Mamoru, D.
1. Ionospheric irregularity, 2. Atmospheric turbulence layer with radar interferometry technique, 3. Atmospheric radar system,
1. Development of ship-borne atmospheric radar system, 2. Observational study of the equatorial atmosphere with atmospheric radar network, 3. Observational study on lower atmospheric dynamics,
Masayuki, D. Info. (
1. Atmospheric dynamics in the equatorial region, 2. Observational study of tropical atmosphere with atmospheric radars,
H. Hashiguchi, S.
Fukao, Y. Moritani, T. Wakayama, and S. Watanabe: A lower troposphere radar: 1.3-GHz
active phased-array type wind profiler with RASS, J. Meteor. Soc.
M. K. Yamamoto, M. Fujiwara, T. Horinouchi, H. Hashiguchi, and S. Fukao: Kelvin-Helmholtz instability around the tropical tropopause observed with the Equatorial Atmosphere Radar, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(9), 1476, doi:10.1029/2002 GL016685 (2003)
Experimental research of the dynamics and electrodynamics, especially the vertical coupling processes, of the Earth's atmosphere from the boundary layer up to an altitude of several hundred kilometers, through the development of advanced atmospheric radars from VHF to mm-wave band, such as the MU radar in Shigaraki, the Equatorial Atmosphere Radar in Indonesia, the transportable Lower Troposphere Radar (LTR), and the 35-GHz cloud radar.
DEVELOPMENT OF HUMANOSPHERE
This division consists of seven research sections: The laboratory of Active Bio-based Materials, Laboratory of Sustainable Materials, Laboratory of Structural Function, Laboratory of Innovative Humano-habitability, Laboratory of Computer Simulations for Humanospheric Science, Laboratory of Applied Radio Engineering for Humanosphere, and Laboratory of Space Radio Science. The Division pursues research for the development of new materials and technologies required to extend our sustainable humanosphere through the measurement and assessment of the space environment, solar power station/satellite in space, and ideal recycling systems for wood resources.
YANO, Hiroyuki, D. Agr.
1. Optically transparent composites reinforced with bio-
nanofiber, 2. High strength cellulose nanocomposites,
3. Utilization of bark tannin from fast growing trees,
Toshiro, D. Agr. (
1. Rheological properties of wood at high temperatures, 2. Temperature and humidity environment of wooden building,
TANAKA, Fumio, D. Agr. (Kyoto Univ.),
1. Crystal structure analysis of polysaccharides and their derivatives, 2. Computer aided molecular design of functional polysaccharides, 3. Physical and mechanical characterization of bio-based polymers,
Program-Specific Assistant Professor (NEDO)
NAKAGAITO Antonio Norio, D. Agr. (Kyoto Univ.)
1. Development of plant derived cellulose fiber-based nanocomposites for semi-structural and structural applications,
F. Tanaka, T. Iwata: Estimation
of the elastic modulus of cellulose crystal by molecular mechanics simulation, Cellulose, 13, 509-517 (2006).
H. Yano, et al.: Optically transparent composites reinforced with networks of bacterial nanofibers, Advanced Materials, 17 (2), 153-155(2005).
T. Morooka, et al.: Criterion for estimating humidity control capacity of materials in a room, Journal of Wood Science, 53(3), 192-198 (2007).
The innovation of various advanced processing technologies and functional materials relating to sustainable bioresources such as wood based on the fundamental studies of their physical properties and control.
KAWAI, Shuichi, D. Agr.
1. R&D for plant fiber composites, 2. Life cycle assessment of wood composite products, 3. Total production and utilization system of wood based materials,
UMEMURA, Kenji, D. Agr. (Kyoto Univ.),
1. Development of natural polymer-based wood adhesives, 2. Degradation and durability of wood adhesives, 3. Characterization of polymeric materials,
R. Widyorini, J. Xu, Higashihara, T. Watanabe, T. Kawai, S : Self-bonding characteristics of binderless kenaf core composites,Wood Sci Technol, 39, 651-662 (2005)
K. Umemura, Y. Iijima,
S. Kawai : Development of new natural polymer-based wood adhesives II. Effects
of molecular weight and spread rate on bonding properties of chitosan. J. Adhesion Society of
J. Xu, R. Sugawara, R Widyorini, G. Han and S. Kawai: Manufacture and properties of low-density binderless particleboard from kenaf core, J. Wood Science, 50 (1), 62-67 (2004)
The laboratory aims to establish the sustainable cycle of forest and forest products by developing the production, utilization and recycling/disposal system of wood biomass. New wood based materials harmonized with both the global and regional environments are being developed by making use of the functions and structure of wood as a cellular solid.
KOMATSU, Kohei, D. Agr.
1. Development of low environmental load, reusable and recyclable long life wooden dwelling houses, 2. Strength and stiffness analysis of glulam semi-rigid portal frame structures, 3. Development of timber bridges by utilizing domestic softwood timbers,
TAKINO, Shinjiro, D.
1. Development of low environmental load, reusable and recyclable long life wooden dwelling houses, 2. Strength and stiffness analysis of wooden hybrid joints structure, 3. Development of joint methods for large laminated wood,
MORI, Takuro, D.
1. Development of timber frame structures, 2. Evaluation of strength properties of timber material, 3. Evaluation of seismic performance of wooden post and beam structure,
K. Komatsu, K.
Hosokawa, S. Hattori, H. Matsuoka, K. Yanaga and T. Mori: "Development of
Ductile and High -Strength Semi-Rigid Portal Frame Composed of Mixed-Species
Glulams and H-shaped Steel Gusset Joints", Proceedings of the World
Conference on Timber Engineering 2006, No. Page (CD-ROM only),
T. Mori, A. Kitamori,
K. Komatsu: "Effect of testing methods on the mechanical behavior of shear
walls composed of wooden plates", Proceedings of the World Conference on
Timber Engineering 2006, No. Page (CD-ROM only),
S. Takino , K. Komatsu,
Y. Idris, B. Subiyanto and S. Yuwasdiki : Shear Resistance of Thick Floor
Panels Nailed to Wood Frame Floor Systems, Proceedings of the 6th
International Wood Science Symposium, 120-125,
We are estimating strength properties of wooden structural materials and innovating engineered timber joints. Evaluating and analyzing the structural performance of wooden sub-assemblies, which compose of wooden structures, are also our important role in making wooden structures that survive strong earthquakes and winds.
IMAMURA, Yuji, D. Agr. (Kyoto Univ.),
1. High-performance utilization of wood with innovative technology, 2. Non-destructive detection of the degradation of wooden constructions, 3. Characterization of wood charcoal and development of its new functions,
TSUNODA, Kunio, D. Agr. (Kyoto Univ.),
1. Environmentally sound termite management based on the understanding of their foraging behavior, 2. Development of wood protection system to reduce the risk to human health and environmental impact, 3. Application of supercritical fluid to the preservative treatment of wood and wood-based composites,
YOSHIMURA, Tsuyoshi, D. Agr. (Kyoto Univ.),
1. Feeding ecology of wood-attacking insects, 2. Use of wood deteriorating organisms for environmental technology and new energy options, 3. Wood deterioration in an extreme environment,
Toshimitsu, D. Agr. (
1. Microstructure of wood-based carbons prepared by novel heating method, 2. Purification technology for environment contaminated by preservative treated wood, 3. Development of carbonized wood for electrochemical device,
S. N. Kartal, N. Katsumata and Y. Imamura: Removal of copper, chromium, and arsenic from CCA-treated wood by mold and staining fungi, For. Prod. J., 56(9), 33-37 (2006)
K. Tsunoda and R. Yamaoka: Determination of lethal dose of
fipronil for workers of Coptotermes formosanus (Isoptera:
Rhinotermitidae) in contact with treated sandy loam,
Sociobiology, 50, 201-204 (2007)
T. Hata, K. Ishimaru, M. Fujisawa, P. Bronsveld, T. Vystavel, J. De Hosson, H. Kikuchi, T. Nishizawa and Y. Imamura: Catalytic Graphitization of Wood-Based Carbons with Alumina by Pulse Current Heating, Fullerenes, Nanotubes, and Carbon Nanostructures 13: 435-445 (2005)
T. Yoshimura, N. Kagemori, J. Sugiyama, S. Kawai, K. Sera, S. Futatsugawa, M. Yukawa and H. Imazeki: Elemental analysis of worker mandibles of Coptotermes formosanus. Sociobiology, 45, 255-259 (2005)
Fundamental and practical investigations are carried out on the natural and urban/housing ecosystem to establish innovative new generation humano-habitability with emphasis on high-performance and efficient utilization of forest and wood resources. Technologies converting wood biomass into energy, chemicals and advanced carbon materials are other relevant research issues in the search for life in harmony with the environment.
OMURA, Yoshiharu, D.
1. Computer experiments of nonlinear wave-particle interactions in space plasmas, 2. Computer experiments of spacecraft environment, 3. Computer analysis of material and energy cycles in the humanosphere,
USUI, Hideyuki, D.
1. Computer experiments on characteristics of electric field sensor used for plasma waves observation in space, 2. Computer experiments on spacecraft environment in active plasma emission, 3. Development of geospace environment simulation,
Y. Omura, Y. Katoh, and D. Summers, Theory and simulation of the generation of whistler-mode chorus, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A04223, doi:10.1029/2007JA012622, (2008)
We evaluate electromagnetic environments in natural space plasmas as well as those around spacecraft by making use of supercomputers. We also study material cyclings in the humanosphere, and we try to estimate its future variations.
HASHIMOTO, Kozo, D.
1. Microwave energy transmission system for solar power satellite, 2. Plasma wave observations by satellites in the magnetospheres and development of plasma wave instruments,
Naoki, D. Eng. (
1. Space solar power system, 2. Microwave power transmission, 3. Microwave applied technology,
MITANI, Tomohiko, D.Eng. (Kyoto Univ.),
1. Wireless power transmission, 2. Microwave engineering, 3. Solar power satellite/ station (SPS),
Mitani, T., N. Shinohara, H. Matsumoto, M. Aiga, N. Kuwahara, T. Handa and T. Ishii, Noise Reduction Effects of an Oven Magnetron with a Cathode Shield on the High Voltage Input Side, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, 83, issue 8, 1929-1936, (2006)
Hashimoto, K., K. Tsutsumi, H. Matsumoto, and N. Shinohara, Space Solar Power System Beam Control with Spread Spectrum Pilot Signals, The Radio Science Bulletin, 311, 31-37, (2004)
Shinohara, N., H. Matsumoto, and K. Hashimoto, Phase-Controlled Magnetron Development for SPORTS: Space Power Radio Transmission, The Radio Science Bulletin, 310, 29-35, (2004)
Research on solar power satellites through wireless power transmission and other microwave applications for the humanosphere.
YAMAKAWA, Hiroshi, D.
1. Space mission design and applications, 2. Spacecraft orbital dynamics and control, 3. Space propulsion system utilizing space environment,
Hirotsugu, D. Eng. (
1. Investigation of plasma waves in space via spacecraft and rockets, 2. Development of the system for monitoring space electromagnetic environments,
UEDA, Yoshikatsu, D.
1. Development of digital wave particle correlator (DWPC), 2. System design and development of plasma wave instrument for future space mission, 3. BepiColombo mission (Exploration mission to Mercury),
H. Yamakawa and
Y. Ueda, H. Kojima, H. Matsumoto, K. Hashimoto, I. Nagano, T. Okada and T. Mukai: Lower hybrid waves observed at the dayside polar region: SS-520-2 rocket experiment, Radio Science, 38, p6-1-p6-9, 2003
H. Kojima, H. Matsumoto, S. Chikuba, S. Horiyama, M. Ashour-Abdalla, and R. R. Anderson: GEOTAIL waveform observations of broadband/narrowband electrostatic noise in the distant tail, J. Geophys. Res., 102, p14439-p14455, 1997
In order to expand the current humanosphere to space, we investigate space environments and space applications via satellite observations, theory, and computer simulations based on radio science, radio engineering, and space systems engineering.
This division consists of three research sections: The laboratory of Advanced Research, Laboratory of Integrated Research, and Laboratory of Interdisciplinary Research. The laboratories host both visiting scientists from other domestic institutions and those from international institutions, and explore research fields that are not presently investigated by the regular staff.
National visiting professorship for advanced research closely related to the Core Missions.
Visiting Associate Professor
International visiting professorship for the integrating of various research on the humanosphere.
International visiting professorship for interdisciplinary research among the spheres constituting the humanosphere.
1. Identification of wood species, 2. Administrative coordination for research projects, 3. Publicity for the activities of the Institute,
WATANABE, Takashi, D. Agr. (
The Center consists of 3 laboratories corresponding to the Exploratory Research Programs, the Fusion Research Programs and the Interdisciplinary Research Programs. The objectives of the Center are to explore and promote new interdisciplinary projects which further the missions of the institute and to create new scientific fields in collaboration with the Department of Collaborative Research Programs and Research Divisions.
The young researchers and on-campus guest researchers study intersphere science of the human habitat, the arborsphere, atmosphere and space, and contribute to new interdisciplinary fields relating to the humanosphere by amalgamating the four regions.
The Center organizes forums, seminars, symposia and workshops, and promotes research achievements for a better and deeper understanding of the humanosphere, further inspiring the creation of new mission projects.
Director: SHIOTANI, Masato, D. Sci. (
This department consists of two sections: The section for inter-university collaborative programs, and the section for international collaborative programs. The department plays a key role in the RISH as an inter-university cooperative research institute, and promotes intensive collaborative research programs by using a number of experimental and observation facilities of the RISH as well as data-bases on xylarium, radar and satellite observations, which are open not only to Japanese scientists but also to the international community related to the humanosphere. The department also encourages domestic and international collaborative projects associated with the four major missions of the RISH.
Shigaraki MU Observatory
The major facility of the Observatory is the MU radar, operated at 46.5 MHz with a peak transmitting power of 1 MW. The antenna is a circular array of 103 m diameter consisting of 475 Yagi antennas. A number of novel observation instruments, such as lidars, airglow imagers, RASS, and meteorological radars, are also installed at the Observatory, and are utilized to study the behavior of the Earth's atmosphere and ionosphere. The Observatory has been available on a cooperative study basis since its foundation in 1984.
Advanced Kyoto-daigaku Denpa-kagaku Keisanki-jikken (A-KDK) computer
The A-KDK computing facility is capable of conducting large-scale computer experiments, and its high-performance parallel machines, the RAID disk array system, and 3-D visualization software for parallel processing are also available for A-KDK users. The A-KDK has been available for collaborative studies since 1993, and is now open for humanosphere studies. Research proposals are called for annually.
Microwave Energy Transmission Laboratory (METLAB) and Solar Power Stations/Satellites Laboratory (SPSLAB)
METLAB is composed of an anechoic radio wave chamber and experimental rooms especially designed for microwave power transmission (MPT) experiments. SPSLAB consists of a 100dB shielded room and three 30dB shielded rooms, each of which is equipped with measuring instruments for MPT/SPS studies. The 100dB shielded room also contains a near field scanner to carry out antenna pattern measurements. These have been available for collaborative studies since 2004 for the purpose of promoting studies on microwave energy transmission, solar power satellites, radio science and agriculture.
Equatorial Atmosphere Radar (EAR)
EAR is a large Doppler radar
facility located on the equator in West Sumatra,
Deterioration Organisms Laboratory (DOL) and Living-Sphere Simulation Field (LSF)
The DOL and LSF are facilities open for cooperative study programs which necessitate wood-deteriorating organisms or field works. DOL is composed of insectariums for termites and dry-wood beetles, and an incubation room for decay fungi. This facility is available for collaborative work on the physiological and/or ecological characteristics of wood-deteriorating organisms and on the development of technology to evaluate the potential of new protection measures. The LSF, which measures approximately 27,000 m2, is located in the government forest of Kagoshima Prefecture (southern Japan), and serves wide research interests such as field assessments of the protection of wood and wood-based materials from deterioration, simulation fields for woody biomass recycling, experimental fields to collect information on the global atmosphere, and a simulation field for microwave transmission.
Wood Composite Hall
The Wood Composite Hall is a glulam three-story building. In this building, the performance of wooden structural components is evaluated and new wood composites are developed. The third floor provides various large spaces for lectures, meetings and seminars. We also house a steel reaction frame in which both static cyclic push-pull loading tests and pseudo dynamic tests on shear walls or wooden sub-assemblies can be conducted using a computer-controlled oil jack system of maximum 500kN capacity and 500mm stroke.
Development and Assessment of
Sustainable Humanosphere (DASH) and
The DASH system introduced in 2007 as a cooperative effort between the RISH and the Center for Ecological Research, consists of two subsystems. The DASH plant growth subsystem is a large greenhouse for cultivating transgenic plants including tree species, and the DASH chemical analysis subsystem, a cluster of spectrometers, a LC-IT/TOF-MS for comprehensive metabolite analyses, and two GC-MS specialized for the analysis of lignin components as well as plant-derived volatile organic compounds. There is also a lysimeter in the greenhouse to monitor soil conditions. The FBAS provided since 2006 is a facility for chemical analysis of tree and herbaceous biomass with special attention paid to the lignin components, to support the systematic analyses of plant metabolites, and also applied in the field of plant physiology and plant pathology. Due to the overlapping functions, the FABS has been merged with the DASH system. The DASH/FABS system serves domestic and international collaborative activity from the viewpoint of the ecological interaction and network between plants, atmosphere, soil, microorganisms, and insects.
The xylarium was founded in 1980,
taking advantage of the registration in 1978 of the Index Xylariorum Collection
of wood samples, which was originally initiated in 1944 when the Wood Research
Institute was established, and now totals approximately 16,766 samples, which
include more than 3,617 species, 1,131 genera, and 178 families. There are 9,563
microscope slides of the specimens. Wood specimens have been collected from
Radar and Satellite Databases
Since 1984 we have been archiving the original data observed with the MU radar, and provide detailed time and height structure of wind velocity in the troposphere, middle atmosphere, and ionosphere. In addition the data collected with scientific satellites of ISAS, such as AKEBONO and GEOTAIL, are also processed here, providing important information of the space environment. The data is provided to a wide scientific community.
The department is dedicated to the
promotion of international collaborative research. We lead international
collaborative projects, encourage exchange of scientists, and organize international
symposia. Currently we are promoting a number of projects, international
collaborative studies on satellite missions, and overseas observations of the equatorial atmosphere. In addition to
the mutual research collaboration, we will open inter-university cooperative
research facilities and databases to the international community. We also
contribute to scientific development in