| Natural history is the study dealing with the collection and recording of information on types and characters of animals, plants and minerals existing in the natural world, and also the ordering and classification of such information.|
In the West, as a result of the explorations of every corner of the globe undertaken from the latter half of the 18th century, organisms, unknown until then, and novel specimens were brought in, and an enormous amount of information was collected. All this was collated by figures such as Buffon, the author of "Natural History, general and specific", and Linnaeus, who founded the "binomial nomenclature", which is the basis of the formal naming system used today. These works became known even among ordinary citizens of the day and also led to an extraordinary boom in the field.
Here you can see the "Pinax Theatri Botanici," a general survey of plants by Gaspard Bauhin who distinguished genuses and species before Linnaeus; the "Elements de botanique ou methode pour connaitre les plantes" of Tournefort, whose use of many illustrations made it possible even for beginners to distinguish between and to classify plants; and the "Flora Japonica" and "Fauna Japonica" of Siebold who studied Japanese flora and fauna using tens of thousands of specimens. In the future it is planned to make a collection of representative items from available the natural history materials in the possession of the Kyoto University, including celebrated works of people such as Linnaeus, Buffon, and Youan Udagawa and Keisuke Ito, who introduced the Western study of natural history to Japan.
The titles of materials and the Japanese katakana rendering of non-Japanese personal names follow Saburo Nishimura's "Bunmei no naka no hakubutsugaku -Seiou to nihon-" [Natural History in Civilization: The West and Japan] (Kinokuniya Company Ltd., 1999).
|"Japanese flora " (Siebold ; Zuccarini) 1835-1870 [Possession of Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Kyoto University]|
|Flora Japonica, sive, Plantae quas in Imperio Japonico collegit, descripsit, ex parte in ipsis locis pingendas curavit Dr. Ph. Fr. de Siebold / Philipp Franz Balthazar von Siebold ; Joseph Gerhard Zuccarini|
|"Japanese fauna" (Siebold) 1833-1850 [Possession of Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Kyoto University]|
|Fauna Japonica, sive descriptio animalium, quas in itinere per japoniam,jussu et auspiciis superiorum, qui summum in India Batavia Imperium tenent suscepto, annis 1823-1830 collegit, notis observationibus et adumbrationibus illustrabit / Philipp Franz Balthazar von Siebold|
|"Elements of botany or methodology by which to know about plants" (Tournefort) 1694-1695 [Possession of Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Kyoto University]|
|Elemens de botanique ou methode pour connoitre les plantes / Joseph Pitton de Tournefort|
|"Pinax Theatri Botanici General Survey" (Bauhin) 1623 [Possession of Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Kyoto University]|
|Pinax theatri botanici, sive Index in Theophrasti Dioscoridis, Plinii et Botanicorum qui a saeculo scripserunt opera / Gaspard Bauhin|
Sorry, we have Japanese Contents only as of yet ......
|"System of Nature" (Linne) 1907 (Reprinted edition of 1735, the first edition) [Possession of Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Kyoto University]|
|Systema naturae, sive regna tria naturae systematice proposita per classes, ordines, genera et species / Carl von Linne|
|"Natural History, general and specific" (Buffon) 1749-1767 [Possession of the Medical Library, Kyoto University]|
|Histoire naturelle, generale et particuliere, avec la description du cabinet du Roi / Georges-Louis Leclerc de Buffon|
| "Shokugaku keigen" (Utagawa, Youan) Tenpo 4jo
[1833 pref.] [Possession of Kyoto University Library]
|"Taisei honzo meiso" (Ito, Keisuke) Bunsei 12  [Possession of Kyoto University Library]|
Comming soon ......
|"Species of Plants" (Linne) 1st ed. 1753 ; 6th ed. 1762-1763 [Possession of Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Kyoto University]|
|Species plantarum, exhibens plantas rite cognitas, ad genera relatas, cum differentiis specificis / Carl von Linne|
|"Genus of Plants" (Linne) 5th ed. 1754 ; 6th ed. 1764 [Possession of Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Kyoto University]|
|Genera plantarum, eorumque characteres naturales secundum numerum, figuram, situm et proportionem omnium fructications partium / Carl von Linne|