Versailles Palace and two Trianons Palace
Versailles et les deux Trianons
text par Philippe Gille, de l'Institut,
dessins et releves par Marcel Lambert, architecte des domaines de Versailles et des Trianons

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  • The history of the Palace of Versailles begins with the establishment in 1626 by Louis XIII of a small castle for use as a hunting lodge in Versailles 18 km south-west of Paris. After Louis XIII's death, relocated of the capital was advocated by Louis XIV and work began on the construction of the large Versailles Palace in 1661 according to the design of architect Louis Le Vau (1612-1670) and others. Beginning in 1668 J. Hardouin-Mansart (1646-1708) rebuilt and enlarged the central section, to which he subsequently added the left and right wings connected to the central section, and the outline of the modern palace was complete by 1688.

    This work by Philippe Gille (1831-1901) provides a detailed description of the composition and architectural styles of the buildings, interior decoration, and furniture and fittings of Europe's premier palace, the Palace of Versailles, and of the two small palaces, the Grand and Petit Trianon palaces, situated in its vast park. It is accompanied by separate illustrations including hand-colored illustrations by Marcel Lambert and many in-text illustrations.


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  Illustration Captions 1:Portrait de Louis XV, d'apres Van Loo, avec panneau d'encadrement de l'epoque, grave a l'eau-forte par Deblois

Portrait of Louis XV
1 Portrait de Louis XV, d'apres Van Loo, avec panneau d'encadrement de l'epoque, grave a l'eau-forte par Deblois.
Portrait of Louis XV by Van Loo, etching work by Deblois, with wainscot of frame of those days.
2 Cheminee de Caffieri (appartement du Dauphin. --Rez-de-chaussee).
Fireplace of Caffieri (Dauphin's room-the ground floor).
3 Plafond du salon d'Hercule, par Lemoine, grave a l'eau-forte par Deblois.
Ceiling of the room of Hercule by Lemoine, etching work by Deblois.
4 Cheminee du salon d'Hercule (en geometral). Planche aquarellee a la main.
Fireplace in the room of Hercule. Watercolor plate drawn by hands.
5 Vue perspective du Salon de musique (planche aquarellee a la main).
Room of music. Watercolor plate drawn by hands.
 
6 Angle de la scene et de la salle du theatre Louis XV (restitution), avec portrait de Mme de Pompadour, d'apres Latour, grave a l'eau-forte par Deblois.
Angle of stage and theater of Louis XV, with portrait of Mme de Pompadour by Latour, etching work by Deblois.
 
7* Chambre de Louis XV(etat actuel).
Room of Louis XV (current status).
10:Portrait de Louis XVI, d'apres Callet, grave a l'eau-forte par Deblois, avec panneau d'encadrement du petit cabinet Louis XVI, pres la chambre de Louis XV
Portrait of Louis XVI
8* Ebrasement dans l'appartement de Mme du Barry (2e etage des combles).
Corner in the room of Mme du Barry.
9 Ensemble du theatre Louis XV. Coupe transversale.
Theater of Louis XV, Cross-section.
10 Portrait de Louis XVI, d'apres Callet, grave a l'eau-forte par Deblois, avec panneau d'encadrement du petit cabinet Louis XVI, pres la chambre de Louis XV.
Portrait of Louis XVI by Callet, etching work by Deblois, with wainscot of frame in Louis XVI's small room near the room of Louis XV.
11* Theatre Louis XV.--Plan de l'ensemble.
Theater of Louis XV - General plan.
12 Cheminee du petit cabinet Louis XVI (les plaques sont Louis XV). -- Etat actuel (planche aquarellee a la main).
Fireplace in the small room of Louis XVI, current status (Watercolor plate drawn by hands).
13* Salle de la Meridienne.--Couronnemnet de glace Louis XV.
Room of noon. Decoration of the upper part of the mirror owned by Louis XV.
12:Cheminee du petit cabinet Louis XVI (les plaques sont Louis XV). -- Etat actuel (planche aquarellee a la main)
Fireplace in the small room of Louis XVI
14* Salle de la Merideinne.--Panneau Louis XV.
Room of noon. Wainscot of Louis XV.
15 Facade nord du palais (Vue des Reservoirs).
North front of Palace.
16 Portrait de Louis-Philippe Ier, d'apres Gerard.
Portrait of Louis-Philippe 1er, by Gerard.
17 Vue perspective de la Galerie des Batailles pendant une fete donnee en l'honneur du Czar, en 1897 (planche aquarellee a la main).
General view of the Gallery of Fight. In 1897 here giving the banquet in honor of Czar.
18 Porte d'une ancienne caserne, avenue de Paris (etat actuel).
Door of the old barracks. Street of Paris (current status).
19 Porte ancienne, pres du Grand-Commun (etat actuel).
Old door near Grand Commune (current status).
20 Porte de l'ancienne Grand-Commun (actuellement Hopital militaire).
Door of the old Grand Commune (currently Military Hospital).
  
21 Le Parterre d'eau. -- Fleuve de Coysevox.
Front garden of water. Coysevox River.
  
22 Plan general du petit parc, surmonte du portrait de Le Notre, d'apres C. Maratta, grave a l'eau-forte par Toussaint.
General view of the small garden, with portrait of Le Notre by C.Maratta, etching work by Toussaint.
20:Porte de l'ancienne Grand-Commun (actuellement Hopital militaire)
Door of the old Grand Commune
23* Grille restauree de l'ancien Potager du Roi, cote de la piece d'eau des Suisses.
Lattice gate of the former King's vegetable garden (restored), facing the part of the fountain of Suisse.
24 Orangerie de Mansart.--Motif principal sur l'axe de la facade.
Orange garden of Mansart. - Main motif on the axis of the facade.
25 Vue d'ensemble du palais, cote sud-ouest, prise du Parterre d'eau.
General view of the southwest side of the Palace, seen from the water forecourt
26 Bosquet de la Colonnade.--Vue en perspective de la Colonnade et ses effets d'eau, apres restauration (planche aquarellee a la main).
Grove of the Pillared Corridor - Distant view of the Pillared Corridor and the effect of fountain before restoration (Watercolor plate drawn by hands).
27 Bosquet de la Colonnade.--Motif central: enlevement de Proserpine par Pluton, groupe en marbre par Girardon.
Grove of the Pillared Corridor - Central motif: Proserpine lifted by Pluton, grouped into the marble statue by Girardon.
28 Bosquet de la Colonnade.--Geometral d'une travee restauree.
Grove of the Pillared Corridor - Survey of the space between the restored beams.
  
29* Construction hydraulique du bassin de Latone.
Waterway construction of the Fountain of Latone.
  
30 Bosquet de la Domes.
"Grove of the Domes." Marble Pavilion.
30:Bosquet de la Domes
"Grove of the Domes."
Marble Pavilion.
31* Plan de la Colonnade (apres restauration), avec ses canalisations et une coupe.
Plan of the Pillared Corridor (before restoration) with waterway and cross-section.
32 La Fontaine doree, dite le Pot bouillant (planche aquarellee a la main)
The Golden Fountain, commonly called "The Boiled Water" (Watercolor plate drawn by hands).
33 Bassin de Neptune.--Vue d'ensemble.
General view of the Fountain of Neptune.
34 Bassin de Neptune.--Groupe de Nepture et Amphitrite, par les freres Adam.
The Fountain of Neptune - The sculptured group of Neptune and Amphitrite by Adam brother.
35 Grand-Trianon.--Ensemble du palais. Etat actuel.
The whole of Grand-Trianon Palace (current status).
36 Grand-Trianon. Facade principale (Restauration).
Grand-Trianon, Facade (restoration).
 
37 Grand-Trianon.--Armoire a bijoux de Marie-Antoinette (pl. actuarellee a la main).
Grand-Trianon, Closet for accessories owned by Marie-Antoinette (Watercolor plate drawn by hands).
 
38 Grand-Trianon. --La Cascade, dite le Buffet de Mansart, gravee a l'eau-forte par Toussaint.
Grand-Trianon. --Artificial waterfall, commonly called "le Buffet de (the Fountain of) Mansart", etching work by Toussaint.
 
39 Grand-Trianon. --Le Buffet de Mansart et ses effets d'eau, Vue lateral (planche aquarellee a la main).
Grand-Trianon - "Le Buffet de (The Fountain of) Mansart" and the effect of fountain (side view).
39:Grand-Trianon. --Le Buffet de Mansart et ses effets d'eau, Vue lateral (planche aquarellee a la main)
Artificial waterfall
"Le Buffet de (The Fountain of) Mansart"
40 Petit-Trianon.--Plan du domaine primitif du Petit-trianon et du Jardin francais, avec les principaux motifs actuels, surmonte d'un portrait de Marie-Antoinette, d'apres Mme Vigee-Lebrun, grave a l'eau-forte par Deblois.
The first site plan of Petit-Trianon and the French style garden, with portrait of Marie-Antoinette by Mme Vigee-Lebrun, etching work by Deblois.
41 Petit-Trianon.--facade principale du palais.
Petit-Trianon, Facade.
42 Petit-Trianon.--Vue du palais, cote du Jardin francais.
Petit-Trianon, Facade on the side of the French style garden.
 
43 Petit-Trianon.--Vue d'ensemble de l'interieur du Pavillon francais.
Petit-Trianon, the interior decoration of the French style pavilion.
 
44 Petit-Trianon. --Depart de l'esacalier principal du palais.
Petit-Trianon, the main pillar of handrail of the principal stairs.
 



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